Osteoporosis is a generally well-known disease affecting nearly two million Canadians. Osteoporosis, characterized by loss of bone mass and bone deterioration associated with the natural aging process, can lead to an increased risk of fractures.

 

When Prevention Begins on Our Plate

Calcium and protein are important nutritional components involved in preventing this disease. Calcium is involved in bone remodeling while proteins play a role in the process of bone cell formation and repair. In light of this, dairy products remain a must on the menu to prevent bone loss. For more information on calcium-rich food and recommendations, see Osteoporosis Canada.

Vitamin D also has its role to play. By promoting calcium absorption and contributing to stronger muscles, it reduces the risk of falling. In terms of recommended intakes of this vitamin, it is very difficult to meet all needs through diet given the limited dietary sources containing vitamin D in addition to fortified food. Therefore, Osteoporosis Canada recommends that all Canadian adults take a daily vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) supplement. Although we have already known for several years the implication of “the sunshine” vitamin for the prevention of osteoporosis, new research still supports the importance of this vitamin. For more information …

 

What Recent Scientific Literature Tells Us

The use of bisphosphonates is very common as the first treatment for patients with osteoporosis. On the other hand, there is progressive bone degeneration with chronic administration of this medication. To remedy the situation, researchers studied the impact of resveratrol, a polyphenol present in certain fruits such as grapes, walls or peanuts. Their work suggests that resveratrol treatment positively affects cell vitality and proliferation. For more information …

Oxidative stress has also been found guilty of several bone diseases, such as osteoporosis. Some studies suggest the use of antioxidants in anti-resorptive therapies for the treatment and prevention of bone loss. Polyphenols and anthocyanins appear to be promising antioxidants and are abundant in a healthy diet. For more information …

Other studies have also highlighted the potential impact of breastfeeding on the incidence of osteoporosis. For more information …

 

Wendy Ward, affiliated with the Osteoporosis Canada Research Chair and working on the development of nutritional prevention strategies to reduce the risk of fractures during aging, will present “Foods and Food Components for a Healthy Strong Skeleton in Women” during session 2 of BENEFIQ 2018 on October 2.